the Edge trainer
and Basketball Performance

Strengthening the Core Six Visual Skills provides the athlete with the foundational visual input needed to make critical decisions and motor responses at the highest level.

vision training
for basketball players

Basketball is a multi-dimensional, fast-paced and visually demanding sport. Players are continually challenged to move at high speeds and navigate defenders while constantly scanning the court to find open teammates and scoring opportunities.

the core six
visual skills

Understanding an athlete’s proficiency in the six core visual skills allows players, coaches, and scouts to identify and correct visual weaknesses and enhance the athlete’s performance on the court.

  • Shooting Accuracy
  • Court Awareness
  • Play Recognition
  • Anticipation


Improves a player’s ability to locate teammates and receive passes while navigating the ever-changing defense.


Enhances a player’s ability to operate in space as well as to focus from long distances for shooting accuracy.


Impacts a player’s ability to judge in-game distances and operate in congested areas of offensive and defensive players.


With proper alignment players are able to focus on the play – enabling increased accuracy in shooting and finding teammates.


Improves a player’s ability to remember and recall an opponent’s offensive and defensive structures and movements.


Allows players to monitor both teammates’ and opponents’ positions and anticipate their movements to create or disrupt the play.

Many people think of vision as something that naturally gets weaker with age. On the contrary, it is actually an attribute that can be strengthened and developed – much like any other weakness that can be honed through training.

Taking a look
at positions

Depending on the position an athlete plays in, the visual skills required for optimal performance vary. In basketball, an excellent scoring point guard who struggles to pass the ball may possess superior divergence and recognition to properly navigate the defenses but may be hindered with low convergence and tracking ability which inhibits their ability to find open teammates. Proper balance in the visual system will lead to improved performance and a more successful skillset to excel on the court.

Point Guard

Point guards require the most visually diverse skillset on the court. Maintaining a strong and balanced set of skills will enable them to properly set up and navigate the offense by scoring proficiently and getting their teammates involved. Point guards are tasked with reading defenses via proper recognition, convergence, and divergence. Hitting players on the move with excellent tracking skills and locating the shooter’s pocket for their teammates all while moving at high speeds will accelerate the team’s offensive efficiency.


Wings are the most dynamic position on the court. They’re required to mix it up on the inside and outside – which requires a dynamic set of visual skills. Having strong divergence and convergence ability enables the player to seamlessly shift from analyzing the perimeter to turning and locating the ball on the rim for a rebound. The ability to stretch the floor and locate the rim to shoot efficiently from the outside requires high levels of divergence. Recognition enables wings to navigate ball screens as either the ballhandler, screener or defender.


Team defense is often anchored by the big man in the middle. In order to be that foundational element of team defense, bigs must be able to recognize and process visual information and communicate commands to their team. By possessing stong recognition and tracking skills, bigs are able to effectively locate offensive players attacking the rim despite complex pick-and-roll strategies. With proper alignment and convergence, a big can post with their back to the basket and quickly turn to locate the rim via spatial awareness.

If you have reduced eyesight, the rest will be compromised…Once you’ve established that someone has good eyesight, the rest of the visual system becomes more important.

Breaking Down
The Edge Score

The Edge Score is a comprehensive score given to each athlete based on their most recent evaluation. The score takes all visual skills into account – including convergence, divergence, depth perception, alignment, recognition and tracking. Through analysis of an athlete’s Edge Score as well as their individual scores, we identify areas of weakness and develop an appropriate training program.


Convergence is the ability to focus on objects within close proximity and judge their movement and impact. Convergence may impact a player in the following ways:

  • Locate the ball on the rim to track a rebound
  • Ability to locate and effectively pass to teammates
  • Anticipating the speed of offensive players as they cut and move


Divergence is the ability to locate objects in the distance, impact an athlete’s ability to anticipate and react. Divergence may impact a player in the following ways:

  • React on the fast break and make transition passes
  • Locate the back of the rim as an appropriate target for shooting
  • Quickly locate players who are two passes away to see a developing play


Depth perception uses both eyes to locate objects in space to judge their distance, speed, and direction. Depth perception may impact a player in the following ways:

  • Locate the rim and other objects in large arenas
  • See the court and maintain spacing
  • Operate in highly congested space and pick-and-roll scenarios


Proper alignment creates no difference between the perceived location and actual location of an object. Alignment may impact a player in the following ways:

  • Reaction time
  • Crispness and decisiveness in movements
  • Timing in reactino to offensive and defensive movement


Recognition is the ability to observe, process and recall a series of visual targets, and respond properly. Recognition may impact a player in the following ways:

  • Reads developing plays in pick-and-roll scenarios
  • Recognizing offense/defensive positioning
  • Ability to follow fast moving sequences and secure rebounds


Tracking allows you to process and follow an object while always monitoring all aspects of the game. Tracking may impact a player in the following ways:

  • Track the shot and anticipate rebound trajectory
  • Anticipate the action
  • React to deflections and passes
meet the
edge trainer

The Edge Trainer is a web-based system that allows athletes to evaluate, analyze and train their six core visual skills. Regular training with the Edge Trainer improves the speed, coordination, and efficiency of an athlete’s eye movements, equating to improved timing, reaction speed, and accuracy on the court.